Orthopedic injuries are those that affect the musculoskeletal system. Among the most common orthopedic injuries southern Iowa to occur are fractures, i.e., broken bones, and sprains. Though it is important to know which type of injury you have, it can be difficult to tell them apart because the symptoms can be very similar. Usually it requires an x-ray or other imaging scan to be able to make a conclusive diagnosis.
Symptoms of Sprains
The bones of your body are connected by fibrous tissue organized into tough bands called ligaments. When one or more ligaments become stretched or torn, it results in a sprain. A sprain can limit your ability to move the joint. You may also experience symptoms of bruising, pain, and swelling over the affected area. Depending on the severity of the injury, these symptoms can vary.
A suspected sprain should always be evaluated by a doctor to rule out a fracture. However, treatment can usually take place at home. It involves elevation, compression, ice, and rest. You may require surgery if the ligaments are severely damaged.
Symptoms of Fractures
Like sprains, fractures can also result in symptoms of pain, swelling, and bruising. These symptoms may be more severe in a fracture. While a sprain can limit your function, a fracture can cause you to lose it completely. A fracture of a bone in an arm or a leg can prevent you from bearing weight on the affected limb. Broken bones sometimes protrude through the skin or cause a deformity of the appendage.
One of the first steps in treating a fracture is to set the bone so that the pieces are in anatomical alignment. Failure to do so can cause the bones fragments to heal together crookedly, which could cause problems later on.
A fracture or a sprain can temporarily prevent you from working, resulting in lost wages. If the injury occurred because of someone else’s negligence, it may be possible to recover damages.